Birds are not DNA tested for gender. They are determined male or female from our practical experience, but can not be guaranteed at the time of purchase. Unless a DNA test is paid for at a lab.
The health guarantee for the purchase of a cage bird at Exotic Wings & Pet Things is a period of 72 hours after purchase with proper care provided.
New owners must contact us within the 72 hour period if any health problems arise. After the 72 hour period any warranty will be at the discretion of Exotic Wings & Pet Things.
Current Selection Updated Every Wednesday!
|Latin Name:||Serinus canaria|
|Average Lifespan:||12 years|
|Average Length:||12-20 cm|
|Average Weight:||8.4 - 24 grams|
|Song Type:||choppy, high-pitched, melodious|
This canary has a plumage that ranges from a very deep orange (almost red), copper, apricot, pink, and red-bronze.
Brightness depends on the availability of red egg food in diet.
White and red patches. Can appear on any colour variety.
Dark red and brown. Also known as copper or bronze.
The term frosted is used to describe a dilution on the edging of the feathers making the bird look dusty.
Hard feathered birds have tight plumage and bright colors.
Soft feathered canaries have downier plumage and the colors are subdued.
This creates a rose colour rather than bright red.
Canaries have a very pleasing song that is very pleasant to the ear. When they are not singing they make almost zero noise.
These canaries are known to be gentle and lively and do not make too much noise. These birds are not cuddly and do not enjoy the close contact that larger birds thrive on. Red-factor Canaries are a great bird for someone who wants to add a bit of song to their house, while remaining low maintenance.
Canaries are social birds that do well in large cages or aviaries with other finches. In order to avoid breeding, it is advised that these birds are not housed with Venezuelan Black-Hooded Red Siskins or European Goldfinches. Housing multiple males together may also result in aggression as the birds will fight for dominance. For optimal song, males can be housed in a cage by themselves.
Your canary typically will undergo one molt per year, immediately after breeding season, which is the middle of summer to the middle of fall. During this time, your canary may not sing or be as active as he usually is.
When purchasing a cage for your canary, keep the following in mind. Unlike hookbills that can climb around their cages, canaries get their exercise by flying from perch-to-perch; therefore, your canary will require a home that is wider than it is tall. Get the largest cage that you can! A roomy home with lots of area for flying, perching and sleeping is ideal. You may want to hang his cage or place it on a cage stand, but either way, make sure the room in which he is placed is draft free, away from heat or air-conditioning vents and is not in direct sunlight; near a window is best. The optimum room temperature for most canaries is 65°F – 70°F (18°C – 21°C). A cage cover will allow your canary to get the rest he needs. Remember, that birds wake at sunrise and sleep at sunset.
In their natural habitat, canaries will get 12 to 14 hours of bright light. Your canary will need the same in your home. Your canary will require exposure to ultraviolet light on a daily basis. Since it is not possible in our climate to have him outside on a daily basis, and placing him in front of a window only allows filtered light inside, which is ineffective; the use of a full-spectrum light is vital. UVA and UVB are necessary to prevent calcium and vitamin D3 deficiencies, which can cause a tremendous amount of health problems. As well, depriving your canary of UV light will make them colour blind. It has also been suggested that UVA light is beneficial in reducing or eliminating abnormal behaviour, such as feather damaging disorders, and phobias among just a few. An avian floor lamp and UVA/UVB bulb will be a necessary part of your canary’s basic environmental need.
Birds were not meant to stand on the same diameter of a tree branch or perch. Your canary must have a variety of perch sizes to allow his feet proper exercise. Your canary will need not only the perching that comes with your cage, but also branches, which will provide him with an uneven surface. These may be purchased or you may collect the following branches from outdoors provided they have not been sprayed: fruit trees, willow, poplar, elderberry and maple. If you do use natural branches, they will need to be replaced frequently. Situate two of the perches at the same height as the seed and water dishes, not directly over them, where fecal matter could spoil the food. The size of perching for your canary shouldn’t be too thin or too thick (3/8 to ¾ inch diameter is good). Their feet need to encircle the perch comfortably.
In order to maintain their rich red plumage, red-factor canaries must be fed foods rich in beta-carotene, or a supplement of half pure beta-carotene and half pure canthaxanthin to maintain their best colour. However, colour feeding is really only required when new feathers are growing in, and this usually occurs when birds are molting. Results of the colour feedings vary depending on how much each individual bird eats. However, it should make a large difference compared to not "colour feeding" at all, which will basically yield a yellow canary after the molt is completed.
Natural Colour Feeding:
Carotenoids are plant pigments that are responsible for the yellow, orange and red colour in many fruits and vegetables. Some foods that are rich in carotenoids are: carrots, yams, sweet potato, papaya, watermelon, cantaloupe, mango, spinach, kale, bell peppers and oranges. Carotenoids need to be consumed with a fat in order for the body to consume them.
Supplemented Colour Feeding:
There are three main chemicals that are used in supplemental colour diets. These are Canthaxanthin, Beta-Carotene and orange Carotenoids. Canthaxanthin is the strongest colour producing chemical and is often used on it’s own. This is not the healthiest option because using Canthaxanthin on it’s own will eventually produce a dull red shade rather than a bright red hue. For optimal feather colouration, Canthaxanthin and Beta-Carotene should be provided in a 50/50 ratio.
You must give your canary a balanced diet if he is to live a long and happy life! Fresh canary seed mix should always be available. Check his seed twice daily, and don’t be fooled by the empty husks he will leave in the dish! Blow them off into the garbage, stir and top up as needed. Clean his dishes and refill them daily. Protein is a very important part of your canary’s diet (about 12%). Since canaries are mainly seed eaters and not insect eaters, their protein is found in canary grass and rape seed (both found in his canary mix); however, his diet should be supplemented with egg food. A healthy mix of fruits and vegetables, shredded into pick-up-and-fly pieces should be offered daily and removed within an hour or two. Every bird has different tastes. While some canaries may love shredded carrots, others may prefer romaine lettuce. Keep trying, and give him variety. Obesity can be a problem in canaries, and for that reason “people foods,” such as mashed potatoes, peanut butter and the like should not be offered. feed all perishable foods in a separate dish, and remove it after one or two hours.
Vitamin/Mineral/Amino Acid Supplement
In the wild, a bird is free to fill all of their nutritional requirements. A good example of why vitamins must be added is the lack of vitamin A in their diet. This fat-soluble vitamin is virtually non-existent in seed, so you must offer other sources of it. Fresh greens are rich in vitamin A, your canary may not accept these foods, or eat enough of them. To make sure your canary is getting the vitamins his body requires, we recommend the addition of a high-quality powdered vitamin. This may be administered on top of his salad or sprinkled on his millet. A liquid vitamin may be used instead of the powdered if your canary snubs the vitaminized foods you are offering.
Packaged seed treats, egg biscuits and spray millet provide your canary with the variety he craves and the behavioral requirements he needs, such as foraging. Spray millet is an all natural treat food and is typically accepted with gusto! All canaries should be fed millet sprays as part of their weekly diet. A millet holder is handy to use and will keep the millet from becoming soiled at the bottom of the cage.
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